As of my last knowledge update in January 2022, Pakistan has several UNESCO World Heritage Sites that are recognized for their cultural and natural significance. Please note that new sites may have been added since then. Here are the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Pakistan:
- Archaeological Ruins at Mohenjo-daro (1980): Mohenjo-daro, part of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, is one of the world’s earliest urban centers. The archaeological site showcases the advanced urban planning and engineering of the Harappan civilization.
- Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol (1980): Takht-i-Bahi is an ancient Buddhist monastic complex dating back to the 1st century CE. The site includes stupas, monastic buildings, and sculptures, providing insights into Buddhist architecture and culture.
- Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (1981): The Lahore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a Mughal architectural masterpiece. It includes structures like the Sheesh Mahal and the Shalamar Gardens, showcasing the grandeur of Mughal design and landscaping.
- Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta (1981): Makli Hill, near Thatta, is a vast necropolis with a collection of tombs and mausoleums dating from the 14th to 18th centuries. The site reflects a fusion of Islamic, Persian, and Indian architectural styles.
- Rohtas Fort (1997): Rohtas Fort, located near Jhelum, is a historic military fortification built by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century. It was constructed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes and remains an impressive example of military architecture.
- Lahore Fort and Shalamar Gardens (1981): The Lahore Fort, along with the Shalamar Gardens, is recognized as a joint UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort and gardens are exemplary of Mughal architecture and garden design.
- Thatta (1993): Thatta, located in the Sindh province, is known for its historic architecture, including the Shah Jahan Mosque. The mosque is a remarkable example of Mughal-era craftsmanship and design.
- Tentative List: Pakistan also has several sites on the UNESCO Tentative List, including the Hiran Minar and Tank of Ram Bagh in Sheikhupura, the Archaeological Site of Rehman Dheri, and the Deosai National Park.
Please verify with the latest sources or the official UNESCO website for any additions or changes to the list since my last update in January 2022.