Indus Holidays | Lahore, Pakistan

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Embarking on a tour covering Lahore, Peshawar, Multan, Mohenjo-Daro, Thatta, and Karachi promises an enriching and diverse experience, spanning historical landmarks. 


Khyber_gatePeshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan, is a city with a rich history, diverse culture, and strategic importance. Here are some key aspects of Peshawar:

  1. Location: Peshawar is located in the northwestern part of Pakistan, near the border with Afghanistan. It serves as a gateway to the Khyber Pass, an historic mountain pass connecting the Indian subcontinent to Central Asia.
  2. Historical Significance: Peshawar has a long and storied history, dating back over two millennia. The city has been a crossroads for various civilizations, including the Greeks, Persians, Mauryans, Kushans, and Mughals.
  3. Bazaars and Old City: The Old City of Peshawar is known for its narrow streets, traditional bazaars, and historic architecture. Qissa Khwani Bazaar, or the “Storytellers’ Bazaar,” is a famous market where storytellers once gathered.
  4. Khyber Pass: Peshawar is closely linked to the Khyber Pass, a historic mountain pass that has played a crucial role in trade and invasions throughout history. The pass is located just west of the city.
  5. Peshawar Museum: The Peshawar Museum houses a significant collection of artifacts, including Gandharan sculptures, coins, manuscripts, and items from the region’s diverse cultural history.
  6. Qissa Khwani Massacre Memorial: Qissa Khwani Bazaar gained historical significance due to the Qissa Khwani Massacre in 1930, when British troops opened fire on a peaceful crowd. A memorial stands in the bazaar to commemorate the tragic event.
  7. Bala Hisar Fort: Bala Hisar Fort, located on a high mound in Peshawar, has witnessed the rise and fall of various empires. It offers panoramic views of the city and has historical importance.
  8. Diverse Culture: Peshawar is known for its diverse cultural heritage. The Pashtun ethnic group, particularly the Pashto-speaking Pathans, has a strong presence. The city’s culture is characterized by traditional music, dance, and hospitality.
  9. Educational Institutions: Peshawar is home to several educational institutions, including the University of Peshawar, which is one of the oldest universities in Pakistan.
  10. Karkhano Market: Karkhano Market is one of the largest wholesale markets in Peshawar, known for a variety of goods, including textiles, electronics, and traditional Afghan carpets.
  11. Peshawari Naan and Cuisine: Peshawar is famous for its cuisine, which includes flavorful dishes such as Peshawari Naan, Chapli Kebab, and Kabuli Pulao. The city’s food reflects the culinary traditions of the region.
  12. Afghan Refugees: Peshawar has hosted a significant number of Afghan refugees due to the decades-long conflict in Afghanistan. The refugee population has contributed to the city’s cultural diversity.

Peshawar’s unique blend of history, cultural diversity, and strategic location make it a city with a distinct character. Despite facing challenges, Peshawar continues to be a vibrant center with a resilient population and a rich tapestry of traditions.

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